Animated Cartoons: Where It All Began And The Growing Popularity

Animated Cartoons - Anime and American Cartoons

Japanese Anime and American Cartoons

Over the last few decades, there has been many studies done comparing anime and cartoon, especially Japanese anime and American cartoons. For some time, there has been evidence that Japanese anime and American cartoons has significant differences. The anime fans and cartoon fans have extensively discussed about how to provide excellent methods to figure out the differences between them. However, a few people have still debated on it.

In this article, we present the similarities and differences between Japanese anime and American cartoons. The purpose of this report is to present evidence that Japanese anime and American cartoons remain certain levels of discrepancies.

Brief Introduction

Anime (pronounced AH-nee-may) is the prevalent style in Japanese comic books or manga. Manga are comics created in Japan, or by creators in Japanese language, conforming to a style developed in Japan in the late 19th century. In Japan, the comic book is a popular form of entertainment for adults as well as for younger audiences. Story lines are often very sophisticated, complex and can be extended into episodic series. The term manga is a Japanese word referring to both comics and cartooning.

Cartoon, on the other hand, was initially used as a model or study for a painting. Cartoon is a form of two-dimensional illustrated visual art. While the specific definition has changed over time, modern usage refers it as a typically non-realistic or semi-realistic drawing or painting intended for satire, caricature, humor, or to the artistic style of such works. An artist who creates cartoons is called a cartoonist.

History Of Anime And Cartoons

Japanese anime began in the early 20th century, when Japanese filmmakers experimented with the animation techniques, and it also pioneered in France, Germany, the United States and Russia. Anime dates back to the birth of Japan’s own film industry in the early 1900’s, and has emerged as one of Japan’s major cultural forces over the past century. Much of the work done in these early years was not the cell animation technique that would come to be the dominant production technique, but a host of other methods: chalkboard drawings, painting directly on the film, paper cut-outs, and so on. One by one, many of the technologies used today were added to Japanese animated productions-sound (and eventually color), the multi plane camera system, and eel animation.

Anime is more like comic book for teenager or adult and cartoon is more like child story book. In 1914, cartoonists were among the first Japanese artists to experiment with animated motion pictures. Japan’s first world-wide success was Kitayama Seitaro’s short film Momotaro (1918).

Long before anime being so popular, Hiroshi Okawa (1950), the president of the Japanese film company Toei was impressed by anime. To add the variety of children show, he wanted to make anime become a movie, not only a comic book. He also stated that it was his dream to create an Asian film studio that would produce animated features similar to those put out by Walt Disney Studios in America. In 1956, Toei Animation was founded and, two years later, the company released its first full-length feature The Tale of the White Serpent. After watching the movie that Hiroshi made, Muhammad Hidayat (1999) indicated that the main character in most anime is a human (at least they have human body).

Cartoons

American Cartoons are ones in which individual drawings, paintings, or illustrations are photographed frame by frame (stop-frame cinematography). Usually, each frame differs slightly from the one preceding it, giving the illusion of movement when frames are projected in rapid succession at 24 frames per second. The earliest cinema animation was composed of frame-by-frame, hand-drawn images. When combined with movement, the illustrator’s two-dimensional static art came alive and created pure and imaginative cinematic images; animals and other inanimate objects could become evil villains or heroes.

Animations are not a strictly-defined genre category, but rather a film technique, although they often contain genre-like elements. Animation, fairy tales, and stop-motion films often appeal to children, but it would marginalize animations to view them only as “children’s entertainment.” Animated films are often directed to, or appeal most to children, but easily can be enjoyed by all. For example it was children’s family films, that can be enjoyed by all.

When it comes to American cartoon history, Walter Disney (1925) said many cartoonists who work for him often use traditional way to make a cartoon movie. He said the only way to fix it is by doing intensive practice with me as a tutor. Therefore, with further practice it can make a good movie. Angeline (2014) said that cartoon comes from America, but anime comes from Japan. Cartoon is more like a 3D movie.

Many people think that cartoons are only to entertain yourself because the flow of the stories are funny and can make you laugh. Mike Pangestu (2011) one of comics in Indonesia said that a cartoon is not only a funny comic. Some cartoons have a secret meaning behind the story. For example, in my country if they didn’t like the government who rules the country, usually some cartoonists will make some funny pictures to tease them in the soft way and then put it in the newspaper. He also mention that some of cartoon drawings are very detailed, and master’s hand, can be very valuable. There is also some effect of cartoon makes it more clearly.

Anime and cartoons have many differences, such as visual characteristic, background and story. These data tend to support that idea. As for “the things that make anime so special” is anime story and their visual characteristics which make anime so special. Because most of the characters in ani me have perfect body, for the woman they have slender body with big boobs and for man they have a muscular body. Besides, anime can turn into real action. Many people think that anime and cartoons are the same things. Actually, they are different and most of anime fans can sum this up in two words: “It’s different.” Anime is as unlike most American cartoons as, say, Batman and Spider-Man are different from the comics that run in daily papers. The major differences between anime and cartoons are the background, the character, and the plot. Based on our research, we figured out that nowadays people more like anime more than they do cartoons.

Popularity Of Anime And Cartoons In The United States

In the last couple of years, the consumption of manga and its television counterpart anime has been going up considerably in the United States and the West as a whole. Many people who once saw anime as a weird or niche market are starting to see it in the mainstream entertainment outlets more and more prominently with each passing year.

As an anime lover, I remember the days when I used to go to the computer room in high school and quietly read the weekly chapter releases of my favorite shounen (anime aimed toward adolescent males) manga. But these days, so very long ago, are largely passed and anyone with a Netflix account can see anime strewn all over the front-page suggestions. This increase in Western consumption of anime is due in large part to the increased accessibility of anime. With streaming giants like Hulu and Netflix, anime is moving more and more into the mainstream and into the forefront as a viable entertainment medium. The advent of manga streaming sites such as Crunchyroll has also brought along an increase in the comic counterpart of anime, manga, giving Western audiences the comic introduction to Japanese animation.

In looking at the rise of anime in the West, I can’t help but take notice of the Western cartooning industry and, in my opinion, its shrinking relevance in the global entertainment industry. While Western pop culture is going strong around the world, and is arguably America’s greatest export, our cartooning and comics have seen better and more profitable days. In my opinion much of this has to do with the increasing complexity and character driven story telling that one can enjoy in anime, and the lack thereof in American cartoons. One characteristic of anime and manga are the clear defining story markers; beginning, middle and end. No matter how long an anime may be, it is clear that the mangaka (manga/anime creator) has a clear direction for the story, with defined arcs and chapters. This adds an interesting dimension of emotion and advancement to these shows as one can follow a beloved character through numerous ups and downs and changes from childhood all the way until adulthood, watching the character grow alongside you.

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